When talking about anime and manga, there are a lot of Japanese terms thrown around that may be more than a little confusing to the uninitiated. But perhaps the most important of these to know to refer to some of the different types of anime and manga.
This is basic stuff! very long time fans will know these terms. That's okay! New ones may not. Likewise, a-okay.
Each of those five types—shonen, shojo, seinen, josei, and kodomomuke—is focused on a particular target demographic. they're not genres (action, romance, coming old, etc.). Rather, they're just labels for who the intended audience is. So while the anime and manga that represent each of the kinds can technically be of any genre, knowing which anime and manga you wish to be which kind is a decent road map for locating other similar titles you would possibly enjoy.
Literally meaning “few years,” “shonen” (少年) typically refers to young boys under the age of fifteen. Thus, shonen anime and manga are aimed toward that demographic. plenty of those anime and manga have a young male hero and are focused on action, adventure, and fighting. However, comedies and series with female protagonists are getting more and more common. Shonen works often have quite a good share of fanservice moreover. Some popular samples of shonen anime and manga are Dragon Ball, Bleach, Naruto, One Piece, Watamote, and Attack on Titan.
Literally meaning “directed at children,” “Kodomomuke” (子供向け) anime and manga are exactly that. Kodomomuke works tend to be simple, imaginative stories that teach morals and other core values to young readers. Sometimes they're original stories while other times they're adaptations of Western classical literature. Popular children’s series include Doraemon, Hello Kitty, Chibi Maruko-chan, Heidi, Girl of range of mountains, Anne of Green Gables, and Anpanman.
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